A hair transplant is a surgical procedure that transplants hair to areas of the scalp that are bald or thin. Also called hair restoration or hair replacement, it is usually for people who have already tried other hair loss treatments. The aim is to restore hair growth to areas with limited or absent growth, but they cannot stop future hair loss. They are effective treatments for many types of hair loss.

Hair loss is due to pattern baldness in most cases. Another reason for hair loss is an improper and unbalanced diet without appropriate proteins and vitamins. Stress, illness, hormonal imbalance, and medicines can cause hair loss.

What types of hair transplantation are there?

Some of the types of hair transplantation include the following –

  • Reduction of the scalp.
  • Flap surgery.
  • Tissue Expansion.
  • Grafting

Who can get a hair transplant?

Anyone can be a good candidate for hair transplants. To be considered for a hair transplant, you must have the right amount of healthy hair on your scalp to transplant.

You should consult a dermatologist to find out if you have it. A doctor will examine your scalp thoroughly.

You may need a blood test to find the reason for your hair loss. It can clarify the reasons for hair loss so that the doctor can provide appropriate solutions. The doctor may perform a scalp biopsy on some patients.

If the exam and tests show that you are a good candidate for a hair transplant, your dermatologist can explain the process and possible outcomes.

Hair transplantation is not suitable for some candidates, like:

  • Candidates with alopecia
  • Who did not have enough “donor” hair patches to remove hair for transplant
  • Who developed celluloid scars after surgery
  • Candidates who suffered from hair loss during chemotherapy

What should we do before the surgery?

The candidate should keep some instructions in mind before the surgery

  • Do not take Aspirin, anti-inflammatory drugs, or some herbal medications that can increase bleeding
  • Avoid smoking before the procedure
  • Avoid sun exposure before the procedure
  • Avoid drinking alcohol

What happens when hair is transplanted?

The doctor will clean the area to remove all the bacteria before surgery. Then, he will apply anesthesia to numb the treatment area. FUT and FUE are the main techniques used to obtain follicles for transplantation.

For follicle unit transplantation (FUT):

  • The surgeon uses a scalpel tool, which excises a scalp strip from the back of the head. The incision is some inches long usually.
  • It is closed with stitches.
  • Next, the surgeon uses a magnifying glass and a sharp surgical knife to divide the removed area of ​​the scalp into smaller pieces.

Follicle Unit Extraction (FUE):

removes the hair follicle directly from the back of the head through hundreds to thousands of small punch incisions.

  • The surgeon uses a blade or needle to make small holes in the scalp area that will receive the hair transplant. Then, they fix the hair into these holes.
  • In a single treatment session, surgeons can transplant hundreds or even thousands of hair.
  • Then, the surgeon covers the scalp with grafts, gauze, or bandages for several days.

Each process can take several hours. It depends on how many follicles the surgeon implants. Usually, a person can go home after the surgery.

What happens after the hair transplant?

The scalp may be sore after the hair transplant, for example, for a few days after surgery, and you may need to take medication.

A transplanted hair typically falls out 2-3 weeks after the procedure. It makes room for new hair growth. Most people will notice new hair growth 8 to 12 months after surgery.

Many doctors prescribe Minoxidil for hair growth and Finasteride to improve hair growth. These drugs can also help to slow down or even entirely stop hair loss in the future.

What are the risks of hair transplantation?

Hair transplants have some risks, including –
  • Temporary hair thinning
  • Excessive blood loss
  • Allergic reaction to anesthesia
  • Loss of sensation
  • Itching
  • Hiccups
  • Scarring
  • Swelling and pain, etc.

You should consider that these risks are not permanent and only occur to some. It occurs only in exceptional cases. But, you need not worry about side effects or risks if you get it done by a reliable doctor and a professional clinic.

As with any surgery, hair transplantation carries risks.

  • Allergic reaction to anesthesia.
  • Excessive blood loss.
  • Fail of graft or flap.
  • Infection
  • Loss of sensation.
  • Scarring

What are the side effects of hair transplantation?

Side effects of hair transplantation are usually temporary. You may notice the following problems on your scalp, donor site, or where new hair is growing –

Infection or bleeding –

The surgeon makes an incision to remove the donor follicle and makes a small incision in the scalp where the hair follicle is. Any cut carries the risk of infection and excessive bleeding.

Scar –

There is also a risk of scarring in both the donor and graft areas.

The FUSS method usually leaves a scar. These scars hide as the new hair grows around them. But, they become noticeable when the hair around it becomes thin or short.

The FUE method may also leave a scar in the area where the surgeon punches her tool to remove the follicle. These scars caused by the FUE method are much smaller than those caused by FUSS.

Pain and swelling –

After the treatment, some people may experience pain while the skin heals. Your surgeon can provide pain relievers to help with this. Swelling may also occur on the head and face as the skin heals.

What is the recovery period?

It largely depends upon the patients themselves. However, the clearance of wounds and slight pain would last two to three days after surgery. But the complete recovery from surgery hardly takes seven to ten days. But it is advisable to stop any social interaction for about two to three weeks so that this recovery period can go without difficulties.

Besides this, you should follow the instructions provided to you by your doctor for fast recovery and stick to them.